Helen Addison Howard's American Indian Poetry (Twayne's United States authors PDF

By Helen Addison Howard

ISBN-10: 0805772715

ISBN-13: 9780805772715

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One such poem, translated by Ruth Underhill, provides a pleasing contrast to Densmore's more literal translation, and also demonstrates the Indian's keen observation with typical imagery: Frances Densmore (1867—1957) The Eagle's Song21 The sun's rays Lie along my wings And stretch beyond their tips. VII Peaceful Papagos The Papago dwelled on the Arizona desert south of what is now Tucson, and they have preserved the old ceremonies and games. During the winter, they lived in the desert hills near a spring; in the summer's "rain-moon," they moved down to the desert floor where they held ceremonies to "pull down the clouds" in order to summon the rain so vital to their life cycle of planting, harvesting, and gathering wild plants.

Bright with flashing light yonder distant line Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-192S) 51 Runs before us, swiftly runs, swift the river runs, Winding, flowing o'er the land. Hark. Oh, hark. A sound, yonder distant sound Comes to greet us, singing comes, soft the river's song, Rippling gently 'neath the trees (italics added). T h e smooth, flowing rhythm is partly effected by variations in the repetition of the second line of each stanza, as indicated by the italics. This variety of repetition, found throughout the poem, is simple: it is the iterative type, in which the repetitions reappear either at the opening or close of each stanza; double, where the story-phrase and the b u r d e n or refrain are repeated; and reduplicating, which consists in repeating the syllable, as the stem, for emphasis, or the last syllable when it is used to complete the measure.

Hark. Oh, hark. A sound, yonder distant sound Comes to greet us, singing comes, soft the river's song, Rippling gently 'neath the trees (italics added). T h e smooth, flowing rhythm is partly effected by variations in the repetition of the second line of each stanza, as indicated by the italics. This variety of repetition, found throughout the poem, is simple: it is the iterative type, in which the repetitions reappear either at the opening or close of each stanza; double, where the story-phrase and the b u r d e n or refrain are repeated; and reduplicating, which consists in repeating the syllable, as the stem, for emphasis, or the last syllable when it is used to complete the measure.

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American Indian Poetry (Twayne's United States authors series ; TUSAS 334) by Helen Addison Howard


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