By T. WEISSKOPF
Arguably, of an important nationwide reviews with guidelines of confident discrimination in desire of traditionally deprived ethnic or caste minority teams are the circumstances of 'Affirmative motion' within the usa and 'Reservation guidelines' in India. This crucial new booklet examines the results of affirmative motion in either nations utilizing a transparent cost-benefit research. All people with an curiosity in affirmative motion will get pleasure from the book's lucidity, use of facts and coverage implications.
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Extra info for Affirmative Action in the United States and India (Routledge Frontiers of Political Economy, 56)
Although its citizens have come from many different ethnic backgrounds, and often still identify strongly with their community of origin, Americans typically see themselves as constituting a nation in which the most important characteristic of a person is his/her individuality and not his/her community. Efforts to spur collective action of any kind, and especially to press claims on behalf of an ethnic community, have typically encountered suspicion, if not outright hostility; only under unusual historical circumstances have such efforts succeeded in making some headway.
In the US, AA preferences are seen as counterweights to certain inadequacies of conventional measures of applicant qualifications, which cause conventional evaluation procedures to be biased against members of under-represented minority groups; so positive discrimination is seen by its proponents as improving the accuracy with which applicant merit is assessed. In India, this claim is somewhat less tenable because reservation policies are typically much blunter instruments of positive discrimination than the preferential boosts provided by affirmative action.
An implication drawn by some who raise the “poorly tailored” critique of affirmative action is that policies seeking to overcome disadvantage ought to be directed not at (any and all) members of under-represented ethnic groups, but at under-represented individuals. 14 Two other arguments are also frequently raised against AA policies in the US, each of which focus on the allegedly negative consequences of such policies. One is that they are divisive because they serve to heighten consciousness of irrelevant ascriptive distinctions between ethnic groups, exacerbating Balkanization of the society rather than promoting harmony and cooperation among members of different ethnic groups.
Affirmative Action in the United States and India (Routledge Frontiers of Political Economy, 56) by T. WEISSKOPF