By Michael Scott-Baumann
This booklet explores and analyzes the historical past of clash within the center East from British rule within the early 20th century to the Iraq struggle within the twenty-first century. The Arab-Israeli clash is the main target of this e-book however it additionally examines: Arab nationalism, particularly in Egypt and Syria; the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979; the motives and results of 3 wars concerning Iraq; the expansion of political Islam and Islamic fundamentalism within the center East.
Throughout the e-book, key dates, phrases and concerns are highlighted, and historic interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are integrated to consolidate wisdom and realizing of the interval, and exam-style questions and suggestions written via examiners give you the chance to strengthen examination abilities.
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Additional info for Access to History. Crisis in the Middle East: Israel and the Arab States 1945-2007
Source A recognises that conﬂict originated in the clash of two ‘nationalisms’ but that it was the Arabs who opposed partition. It also believes, rather optimistically, that a UN solution might lessen the opposition and, by implication, the danger of conﬂict. e. that Britain and the UN bear responsibility for the conﬂict. You should, however, explain how this view might suggest a reason for refusing to accept the plan. Source E: for what, according to the author, does the Palestinian Arab refusal provide a pretext?
Their peoples felt bitter about their humiliation: it showed how weak and divided they were. It made them bitterly anti-Western. The Arabs felt that the USA had bullied the UN into creating the new state of Israel. They now suspected that the Western powers, such as Britain, France and the USA, would use Israel as a base from which to keep an eye on the Arab states. There was no peace treaty between Israel and any of the Arab states and the ceaseﬁre lines continued to be a source of tension, sometimes ﬁghting.
Some Arab states were willing to negotiate over borders but all of them stuck to the policy formulated by the Arab League on refugees: that Israel had created the problem and the refugees had the ‘right to return’ to their homes or to be compensated by Israel. The Israelis, for their part, claimed that the Arabs had created the refugee problem by invading Israel and starting the war. The Israelis would only negotiate if it was agreed that most of the refugees should be settled outside Israel. There were further obstacles to permanent peace.
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