By Rachel G. Fuchs
Publication through Fuchs, Rachel G.
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Additional info for Abandoned children: foundlings and child welfare in nineteenth-century France
When an infant died on the way, a meneur jettisoned it on the side of the road and then replaced it with another unwanted child from the next town in which he stopped. The nuns at the Hôpital des Enfants Trouvés in Paris paid the meneur according to the number of infants who arrived alive. The wholesale shipment of children from the countryside to Paris gives credence to the idea that child abandonment was not solely an urban phenomenon. The rural character of the problem is apparent from the decrease of about thirteen percent of the numbers of children abandoned in Paris each of the two years1773 and 1779in which city authorities promulgated and enforced decrees forbidding the transport of children from the provinces to Paris.
2) 195 7. 2) 195 8. 3) 200 Maps 1. Geographical Distribution of Wet Nurses in 1830 171 2. Geographical Distribution of Wet Nurses in 1866 172 3. Geographical Distribution of Wet Nurses in 1886 173 Page x Illustrations 1. The Tour at Provins. 22 2. Le tour de l'Hospice des Enfants Trouvés rue d'Enfer, by Grandpré. 109 3. From Le Boulevard, by Gustave Doré. 111 4. L'enfant dans le tour de l'Hospice des Enfants Trouvés and La réception de l'enfant par les Soeurs, Henri Pottin. 112 5. Identification necklace of silk cord.
La mortalité des enfants en bas âge, from L'Illustration. 179 20. La mortalité des enfants en bas âge, from L'Illustration. 232 21. "C'est sur le 'bâtard' que, enfant, le bourgeois a déjà jeté sa première pierre," by Couturier for L'Assiette au beurre. 252 Page xi Preface Several years ago, while reading Victor Hugo's Les Misérables I became intrigued by Gavroche and wondered how typical he was. Did parents in nineteenth-century Paris really ignore and neglect their children? Were young children left to wander the streets, take care of one another, and eat and sleep whatever and wherever they could?
Abandoned children: foundlings and child welfare in nineteenth-century France by Rachel G. Fuchs