By World Bank
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Extra resources for A Study of international fisheries research
Although past practices are being modified, they have not yet been fully adapted to the new requirements resulting from the changes. Large-Scale Fisheries Many of the reasons cited for the poor performance of large-scale fishery projects are not specific to fisheries. Those that are include the overestimates of total potential yields, despite the fact that fishery potential had been accurately assessed as early as the late 1960s; open access, allowing increased catches without appropriate management and allocation of resources; and the heavy reliance on increased mechanization, with little or no attention to the economic, social, and cultural environment of production.
Three kinds of areas have the necessary conditions: those with major upwellings; those with extended continental shelves (predominantly in high latitudes); and those with economic zones through which oceanic tunas and billfish pass. Developing countries falling within these areas include those in northwest and southwest Africa, those in southwest and southeast Latin America, and those in several groups of island states. Although there may be potential gains in a few other areas, the number of developing states that have acquired significant wealth through the extension of jurisdiction is small.
It provided dramatic evidence of the limited size of fishery stocks, evidence already substantiated by biological investigations. 0 percent a year. Recently there has been a reported increase in production, much of which has come from aquaculture and from small, shoaling pelagic species (of relatively low value). There have also been large increases in certain small pelagics, notably the Japanese sardine and other Pacific sardine stocks. These stocks are subject to severe natural fluctuations, both short-term and long-term.
A Study of international fisheries research by World Bank