By Robert F. Boszhardt
On hand December 2003 the most typical relics of the 12,000-year occupancy of the higher Mississippi River Valley could be the chipped stone projectile issues that local americans mounted to the ends in their spears, darts, and arrow shafts. this beneficial consultant offers a key to selecting a few of the sorts of issues chanced on alongside the higher Mississippi River within the Driftless sector stretching approximately from Dubuque, Iowa, to purple Wing, Minnesota, yet framed inside of a a little bit greater sector extending from the Rock Island Rapids on the glossy Moline-Rock Island zone to the Falls of St. Anthony at Minneapolis-St. Paul. Logging tens of hundreds of thousands of miles and vacationing deepest creditors from all walks of lifestyles considering 1982, Robert Boszhardt has documented hundreds of thousands of projectile issues present in this zone. as well as drawings of every sort, he offers different approved names in addition to names of similar issues, age, distribution, an outline (including size and width), fabric, and references for every style. The advisor is intended for the various avocational archaeologists who gather projectile issues within the higher Midwest and should be an invaluable reference instrument for pro box archaeologists in addition. Emphasizing the upkeep of websites in addition to a mutual alternate of knowledge among specialist and avocational archaeologists, this advisor will exhibit projectile issues as clues to the prior, time markers which include the most important information regarding the cultures of the Mississippi River Valley's early population.
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Additional resources for A Projectile Point Guide for the Upper Mississippi River Valley (Bur Oak Guide)
However, Chesrow points have not been found at any of the excavated mammoth sites or in any other subsurface contexts in that region. . Hi-Lo points are found in Michigan and adjacent Great Lakes states with a few examples reported along the Upper Mississippi Valley into Minnesota. Price Stemmed is the local designation for points found in southwestern Wisconsin, and Chesrow is the designation for those from southeastern Wisconsin. distribution: These points are small to medium spear-knife points that are relatively crude and thick compared to other Late Paleo and Early Archaic types.
Distribution: description: These are ﬁnely made, medium-size lanceolate spear-knife points. Hell Gap points expand from the base and constrict toward the tip. The base is normally straight. Grinding of lateral and basal edges is common. Some points that are classiﬁed as Hell Gap in the Upper Mississippi Valley may be reworked and expended Agate Basin points. 5 in. 5 in. r e c t o r u n n i n g f o o t | 25 material: Some Hell Gap points on the Plains were made from Knife River ﬂint (a semitranslucent brown chalcedony from western North Dakota).
One nearly complete probable Kirk Corner-Notched point and a basal fragment were found in Feature 3, stratigraphically below most of the Raddatz Side-Notched points at the Raddatz Rockshelter site in Sauk County, Wisconsin. . age: Primarily found in the eastern United States, this type is uncommon along the Upper Mississippi Valley. Several examples, however, have been documented as far north as Buﬀalo County, Wisconsin. distribution: description: A spear-knife point. The blade is triangular with a straight or slightly rounded base.
A Projectile Point Guide for the Upper Mississippi River Valley (Bur Oak Guide) by Robert F. Boszhardt