By Edwin A. Lyon
Recipient of the 1994 Anne B. and James B. McMillan Prize
This finished examine offers a historical past of latest Deal archaeology within the Southeast within the Nineteen Thirties and early Forties and specializes in the initiatives of the Federal Emergency aid management, the Civil Works management, the Works development management, the Tennessee Valley Authority, the nationwide Park carrier, and the Smithsonian Institution.
using basic resources together with correspondence and unpublished experiences, Lyon demonstrates the nice value of the recent Deal tasks within the background of southeastern and North American archaeology. New Deal archaeology reworked the perform of archaeology within the Southeast and created the root for the self-discipline that exists this day. With the present emphasis on curation and repatriation, archaeologists and historians will locate this quantity important in reconstructing the background of the initiatives that generated the various collections that now fill our museums.
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Additional resources for A New Deal for Southeastern Archaeology
Stirling instructed Kelly to consult with Dr. Harrold, president of the society, and to cooperate with the society, but he stressed that Kelly would be in full charge of the project. 19 Kelly's task was not to be an easy one. 2° Kelly at first feared his job would be impossible. ,,21 But to everyone's surprise the archaeologists had few problems controlling the large crew of inexperienced workers. Kelly recognized the importance of a broad anthropological approach, combining archaeology with ethnology, in understanding the site.
Of the three hundred burials found in the mound less than twelve were in a condition allowing measurement. D. L. Reichard supervised the excavation of four mounds on the Little Manatee River in Manatee County (called the Parrish Mounds by Gordon Willey). Mound One was a small sand mound containing twenty-seven secondary burials in very poor condition. Pottery was of the Safety Harbor type of muck and sand-tempered ware~ The large amount of European artifacts found, including thousands of glass beads, convinced Stirling that the mound was built in the middle of the seventeent~ century.
Local interest in the preservation of the sites developed as early as 1922. Dr. Charles C. Harrold, a surgeon, suggested the organization of a Macon historical society, but despite plans of the Smithsonian to work in the area, little was accomplished. In November 1933 Dr. Harrold, Gen. Walter A. Harris, a lawyer, and Linton M. Solomon, a retired businessman, asked the Macon Junior Chamber of Commerce to buy the mounds to preserve them, and in December the Chamber bought Mound A and the Lamar mounds.
A New Deal for Southeastern Archaeology by Edwin A. Lyon