Download PDF by Malcolm Wanklyn: A Military History of the English Civil War: 1642-1646

By Malcolm Wanklyn

ISBN-10: 0582772818

ISBN-13: 9780582772816

An army background of the English Civil struggle examines how the civil battle used to be received, who fought for whom, and why it ended. With a simple type and transparent chronology that allows readers to make their very own decisions and pursue their very own pursuits extra, this unique background presents an intensive critique of the explanations which have been brought up for Parliament's victory and the King's defeat in 1645/46. It discusses the strategic techniques of the Parliamentary and Royalist commanders and councils of battle and analyses the choices they made, arguing that the King's defective command constitution used to be extra chargeable for his defeat than Sir Thomas Fairfax's strategic aptitude. It additionally argues that the way in which that assets have been used, instead of the assets themselves, clarify why the struggle ended while it did.

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Sample text

Their weapons were a backsword intended for both piercing and slashing, and anything up to four pistols. 12 Lancers formed a second category of heavy cavalrymen, but they were on the decline ‘because of the scarcity of such as were practised and exercised to use the lance, it being a thing of much labour and industry to learn’. Usually heavily armoured, they were intended to charge the enemy, but it was difficult for them to make any impact against foot armed with pikes, as lances tended to be considerably shorter.

Troops from Ireland have been seen as playing a similar but much less successful part in support of the king, but their true role has been obscured by exaggeration. Malcolm has claimed that the Royalist war effort could only be sustained from 1644 onwards because of the arrival from Ireland of over 20,000 troops, some English but mostly Irish, who had been released for service in England and Wales by a truce concluded with the rebels by the king’s representatives the previous summer. This number is a gross exaggeration caused by uncritical reliance on Parliamentary propaganda.

On the Royalist side, however, the inadequacies of the administrative system, and the concept of obedience based on hierarchy that underpinned it, resulted in irreconcilable divisions between soldiers and civilians. As a result, the king’s forces had to resort to plunder, thus totally alienating the civilian population in the areas they controlled. By 1645, non-cooperation had turned to violence, which was met by yet more violence. As a result, the king’s officials found it increasingly difficult to pay, recruit and provision their armies, which affected the armies’ discipline.

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A Military History of the English Civil War: 1642-1646 by Malcolm Wanklyn

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