By Charles Gehring
In 1634, the Dutch West India corporation used to be nervous to grasp why the fur alternate from New Netherland have been declining, so the corporate despatched 3 staff a ways into Iroquois nation to enquire. Harmen Meyndertsz van den Bogaert led the excursion from fortress Orange (present-day Albany, NY). His is the earliest identified description of the inner of what's this present day long island kingdom and its seventeenth-century local population.
Van den Bogaert used to be a willing observer, and his magazine is not just an everyday log of the place the excursion get together traveled; it's also a close account of the Mohawks and the Oneidas: the settlements, modes of subsistence, and therapeutic rituals. Van den Bogaert's amazing wordlist is the earliest recognized recorded vocabulary of the Mohawk language.
Gehring's translation and Starna's annotations offer vital fabric for anthropologists, ethnohistorians, linguists, and a person with a distinct curiosity in local American reports. Michelson's present additions to the wordlist of Mohawk equivalents with English glosses (wherever attainable) and his professional research of the language within the local American passages provide a priceless new size to this variation of the journal.
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Extra resources for A Journey Into Mohawk and Oneida Country 1634-1635: The Journal of Harmen Meyndertsz Van Den Bogaert Revised Edition
Northwest of us we saw a very large body of water. 73 The one we passed through was 3 1/2 feet wide. Above the entrance stood 3 large wooden images, carved as men, by which 3 locks fluttered that they had cut from the heads of slain Indians as a token of truth, that is to say, victory. This castle has 2 entrances, THE JOURNAL 15 one on the east and one on the west side. A lock was also hanging by the east gate, but this gate was 1 1/2 half feet smaller than the other. Then we were finally brought into the farthest house, where I found many acquaintances.
In the evening the chief once again let us see his idol. On account of the heavy snow over the path we decided to stay here another 2 or 3 days until the opportunity presented itself to proceed. 6 JOURNEY INTO MOHAWK AND ONEIDA COUNTRY 16 ditto. In the afternoon a good hunter named SICKARIS came here who wanted us to go with him very much and carry our goods to his castle. He offered to let us sleep in his house and stay there as long as we pleased. 28 After we had gone 1/2 mile over the ice we saw a village with only 6 houses.
North of the Munsees, to the region just above Albany, and also in the upper reaches of the Housatonic Valley, were the Mahicans, speakers of at least two dialects of Mahican, also an Eastern Algonquian language. Both peoples practiced a mixed economy based on hunting, fishing, foraging for wild plant resources, and the planting of corn, beans, and squashes. As a reflection of their manner of subsistence, these Indians appear to have been relatively mobile, their small dispersed homesteads and camps suggesting seasonal occupations and adaptive flexibility and opportunism.
A Journey Into Mohawk and Oneida Country 1634-1635: The Journal of Harmen Meyndertsz Van Den Bogaert Revised Edition by Charles Gehring