Read e-book online A History of Portugese Overseas Expansion 1400-1668 PDF

By Malyn Newitt

ISBN-10: 041523980X

ISBN-13: 9780415239806

A heritage of Portuguese in another country growth 1400-1668 offers an available survey of ways the Portuguese turned so influential in this interval and the way Portuguese settlements have been based in components as faraway as Asia, Africa and South the US. Malyn Newitt examines how the information and associations of a past due medieval society have been deployed to help enlargement into Africa and the Atlantic islands, in addition to how, via contention with Castile, this grew right into a around the globe business. eventually, he considers how resilient the Portuguese in another country groups have been, surviving wars and average failures, and keeping off assaults via the extra seriously armed English and Dutch invaders until eventually good into the 1600s. together with a close bibliography and word list, A heritage of Portuguese out of the country growth 1400-1668 is a useful textbook for all these learning this attention-grabbing interval of ecu enlargement

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Instead of becoming a centre of trade and the peaceful arts, Ceuta became a base from which the armed garrison raided the countryside looking for food supplies, loot and prisoners, and a base from which privateering voyages could prey on shipping up and down the Moroccan coast. Few new opportunities opened for traders and artisans, but for the predatory military class there was a chance to hold commands and to make war pay for itself. However, if Ceuta increasingly became a drain on the Crown’s resources, the persistence in diplomatic and court circles of the ideology of the crusade against Islam made it difficult for the Portuguese kings to contemplate abandoning the conquest.

The islands were of volcanic origin and their natural fertility and favourable climate soon attracted settlers. In Madeira wheat, wine and sugar cane proved immediately profitable and the population of the island grew rapidly, through immigration and the import of slaves. The success of these new island settlements led the Portuguese Crown to introduce institutions which had originally grown up during the reconquista when noblemen or knights of the Military Orders had been granted lands and jurisdictions on condition that these would be conquered and settled by the grantee.

For their part many skilled Portuguese soldiers took service abroad. 45 Maintaining such an army involved not only problems of recruitment and manpower but also the logistical problems of keeping such large forces shod, fed and paid. In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries there was a royal arsenal in Lisbon where military equipment was stored and maintained, and the Military Orders were also expected to keep weapons and stores in their fortresses. With the development of the African voyages and the conquests in Morocco, the Casa de Ceuta (later the Casa de Guiné) was created to co-ordinate the fitting out of ships and expeditions—arrangements which proved effective in enabling the Crown to organise the slave trading expeditions.

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A History of Portugese Overseas Expansion 1400-1668 by Malyn Newitt

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