By K.E. Michelson
This paintings relies on my 1983 doctoral dissertation submitted to the dep. of Linguistics at Harvard college, even though it represents an in depth revision and reorganization of that paintings. quite a lot of fabric that weren't inside the unique were extra, and components that handle theoretical matters that, a minimum of at the moment, have receded into the heritage, were passed over. Many colleagues and neighbors have contributed to my sustained fascina tion with in addition to my realizing of lroquoian linguistics. firstly, i'm thankful to the Iroquois who've contributed their profound knowl area and their friendship in the course of my study: Elda Antone, Mercy Doxtator, Dayton Doxtator, Reg Henry, Frank Natawe, the overdue Georgina Nicholas, Catherine Norton, Mike Norton. the past due Sanford Schenandoah, and Norma Sickles. I additionally deeply delight in being a part of a close-knit and supportive group of lroquoian linguists, and particularly I thank Cliff Abbott, Wallace Chafe, Mike Foster, Marianne Mithun, and Hanni Woodbury for offering reviews at the dissertation. i've got additionally benefited from, and price hugely, tremendous stimulating conversations with Floyd Lounsbury within the previous few years. The impression of my advisers and acquaintances can be glaring during the paintings. I thank specially Nick Clements, Ives Goddard, Jochem Schindler, Robin Barr, Harry Bochner, Brian Doherty, Mark Hale, and Phil LeSourd.
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Extra info for A Comparative Study of Lake-Iroquoian Accent
There are no clusters with r since Seneca has lost all instances of PLI *r; see chapter 7. k sr t? 10. In addition, resonant consonants are lost before both ? and h in Seneca, while in Cayuga they are lost only before? (Chafe and Foster, 1981, p. 136). See Chafe (1959, pp. 486-87) for Seneca examples. SEGMENTAL PHONOLOGY 23 Table XlI: Surface Word-medial CCC Clusters by Initial CC y s w n k sny sty sth sky skw tsy k tky tkw ksh h khy khw hty khn hky hkw ~sy ~st rty ~ts ~ky ~sw rsk i'sh ~tw i'tk rth i'kw i'sr thy thw kty kth hny ~ny h rkt i'kh Surface word-initial CC clusters in Seneca are: sy, sw, sn, st, sk, sh, ty, tw, ts, tk, th, ky, kw, kt, kh, hw, and hn.
Tsl-iyo-fJ, CIS-MP-body-be new, fresh-NOM-be nice-STAT. The derivational suffixes include, among others, a causative, an inchoative, an undoer (which has the effect of changing the basic meaning of the verb root to roughly the opposite meaning), an instrumental, a benefactive, a distributive (which indicates that the activity is distributed over time, space, objects, or persons referred to by the pronominal prefixes), and the dislocative (which indicates that the subject of the verb is physically on his or her way somewhere to perform the action described by the verb).
Minimally, every verb must contain a stem, a pronominal prefix, and, except in the imperative, an aspect suffix. Each of these five major components consists of several position c1asses. 24 The pronominal prefixes denote the person, number, and gender of the subject of an intransitive verb and of both the subject and the object of a transitive verb. Subjects of intransitives are indicated either by an agent prefix (active verbs) or by a patient prefix (stative verbs). The following categories are distinguished: Person: first, second, third, inclusive, exclusive Number: singular, dual, plural Gender: masculine, neuter, feminine-indefinite, feminine-zoic (the latter in Mohawk, Oneida, and Onondaga only) First and second persons do not recognize gender distinctions.
A Comparative Study of Lake-Iroquoian Accent by K.E. Michelson