By Christopher Harper-Bill, Elisabeth van Houts
With its wealth of knowledge and skilful demonstrate, the e-book is a truly priceless better half for any visitor via this crowded territory. ENGLISH ancient evaluate by the point of the Conquest, the Normans were proven in Normandy for over 150 years. they'd remodeled themselves from pagan Northmen into Christian princes; their territories prolonged from England, southern Italy and Sicily to far-off Antioch, and their impression had unfold all through western Europe and the Mediterranean. Duke William's victory at Hastings and the ensuing Anglo-Norman union introduced England into the mainstream of eu heritage and tradition, with far-reaching results for Western civilisation. those specifically commissioned reports are excited by the achievements of the cross-Channel realm. They make a big contribution to an realizing of the hundred years that witnessed nice swap and significant advancements in English and Norman govt and society. There are surveys of the 2 constituent elements, of Normandy below the Angevin kings, of where of nation and duchy within the politics and tradition of the North Sea, and of the parallel Norman success within the Mediterranean. There are overviews either one of secular management and of the church, and a research of 'feudalism' and lordship. in the vast box of cultural heritage, there are discussions of language, literature, the writing of background, and ecclesiastical structure. individuals LESLEY ABRAMS, MATTHEW BENNETT, MARJORIE CHIBNALL, CHRISTOPHER HARPER-BILL, ELISABETH VAN HOUTS, EMMA MASON, RICHARD PLANT, CASSANDRA POTTS, DANIEL energy, IAN brief, ANN WILLIAMS.
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Faull and M. Stinson, Domesday Book: Yorkshire, Chichester 1986, no. C10 and note, and appendix 3). 88 At first sight, this looks like an attempt by the Mercian brothers to stem the rise of their West Saxon rivals, but the situation may not have been so simple. There is some ambiguity in the role of Tostig’s brother, Earl Harold. 89 In his version, it is the king who defends Tostig, though without success. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and John of Worcester say merely that Harold acted as Edward’s envoy in negotiating with the malcontents, negotiations which ended in the confirmation of Morcar as earl, and Tostig’s exile to Flanders.
There is a revealing disagreement at this point in the various versions of the Chronicle: ‘C’ says that Ælfgar was innocent of any fault, ‘D’ that he committed ‘hardly any’ crime, and ‘E’ that he admitted to ‘being a traitor to the king and to all the people . . 80 Gruffudd and Ælfgar launched an attack on Herefordshire. 81 Ralph met the 73 ASC ‘C’, ‘D’, 1052. The butsecarles (‘boatmen’) discharged the obligation to provide ships and crews for the royal fleet, laid on some of the south-eastern sea-ports.
More recently, compare E. Z. Tabuteau, Transfers of Property in Eleventh-Century Norman Law, Chapel Hill 1988; F. Lifshitz, The Norman Conquest of Pious Neustria: Historiographic Discourse and Saintly Relics, 684–1090, Toronto 1995. 25 In 923 Rollo and his warband accompanied Charles the Simple’s army on a military campaign near Beauvais. 26 This concession is usually interpreted as a reference to the region that became central Normandy, and it essentially meant that the Normans had carte blanche from the king to expand west from the Seine.
A Companion to the Anglo-Norman World by Christopher Harper-Bill, Elisabeth van Houts