By Gordon Martel
Helpful compilation of essays masking the most important occasions of the 20 th century. status out from this total amazing physique of labor are the contributions at the undertones and explanations of WW I (Martel's specialty) and 3 chapters on often-overlooked advancements resulting in WW II.
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Extra resources for A Companion to International History 1900–2001
As quoted in John L. Harper, American Visions of Europe (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994), p. 113. 297 20 For the Molotov–Roosevelt conversations of May– June 1942 and Stalin’s strong endorsement of FDR’s thinking, see Rzheshevsky, War and Diplomacy, docs. 68, 77, 82, 83; and FRUS, 1942, vol. 3, pp. 573–4. Citations to the other quotes can be found in Kimball, Forged in War, p. 11. For additional references to the “policemen” idea, see Warren F. Kimball, “The Sheriffs: FDR’s Postwar World,” in press from the “In the Shadow of FDR” conference, Roosevelt Institute, Hyde Park, NY (September 22–5, 2005).
Field Marshal Lord Alanbrooke, War Diaries, 1939–1945, ed. Alex Danchev and Daniel Todman (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2001), p. 480. 25 FRUS, Tehran Conference, pp. 530–2, 595–6, 622; Kimball, The Juggler: Franklin Roosevelt as Wartime Statesman (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1991) p. 110; Earl of Avon, The Reckoning (London: Cassell, 1965), p. 437. 26 Churchill, SWW, vol. 5, pp. 395–7; FRUS, Tehran Conference, pp. 512, 599. Stalin’s ﬁ rm preference for dismemberment of Germany is one of the few instances where the British and American records are not seconded by the published Soviet record.
This was quickly followed by the Marshall Plan designed to facilitate Europe’s economic recovery, thereby rendering it less vulnerable to the communist threat. The deﬁ ning thrust of the plan was to force the Soviet Union to choose whether or not it wanted to be included in it. Stalin eventually rejected it, as he decided that it was an American attempt to control Europe. 20 The world was now increasingly divided between the two hostile blocs, led by the United States and the Soviet Union. The crucial question was the future of a defeated Germany, for both sides had good reason to fear that the other side wanted control of the whole of Germany on its own terms.
A Companion to International History 1900–2001 by Gordon Martel