By Elman R Service, E. A. Hammel
This e-book is an evaluation of the background of ethnology by way of its highbrow growth, as such, instead of the lifestyles histories of many of the personalities contain. The name was once selected to signify that the most important obstacle is the conflict, combine, syntheses, and rejection of rules themselves, as they on the topic of convinced significant difficulties within the theoretical improvement of the self-discipline. might be this seems like an visible objective, yet simply because this sort of selectivity is in reality strange, an explication is required
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Additional resources for A Century of Controversy. Ethnological Issues from 1860 to 1960
Sensible, that is, if one thinks as did Morgan that the system of nomenclature had the express purpose of making a genealogical, or quasi-genealogical, set of identifications. "Father" and "mother" are the crucial terms in this scheme, and all others—those to be "aunts" or "uncles," "brothers" or "sisters," "cousins" and "nephews"—follow from this "primary institution," the family form as related to the marriage rule. This is only the briefest introduction to Morgan's complexly expressed ideas.
This statement is overly modest, for Mcllvaine had been to considerable pains to get Morgan to see this—as Morgan acknowledges in a letter to Joseph Henry of the Smithsonian. At that time neither Mcllvaine nor Morgan had knowledge of Bachofen's Das Mutterrecht, which also proposed original promiscuity. 46 TO SET THE STAGE the explanation of differing systems of consanguinity (which consisted, after all, of words), and as we saw earlier, Fus tel de Coulanges's influential The Ancient City was constructed out of comparative philology.
Has developed but two plans of government . . both were definite and systematic organizations of society. The first and most ancient was a social organization, founded upon gentes, phratries and tribes. The second and latest in time was apolitical organization, founded upon territory and upon property. . The two plans were fundamentally different. One belongs to ancient society, and the other to modern. (1877:60) Morgan's first and most striking encounter with the gens was during his years of studying the Iroquois.
A Century of Controversy. Ethnological Issues from 1860 to 1960 by Elman R Service, E. A. Hammel