By Peter Fieldman
ENGLAND'S DEFINING second IN heritage a thousand YEARS in the past ON the most very important DATES IN ENGLISH HISTORY.
A NORMAN DUKE LED THE final INVASION of britain TO develop into KING of britain. APPOINTED DUKE OF NORMANDYAT THE AGE OF 8 at the dying OF HIS FATHER, HE SURVIVED makes an attempt ON HIS lifestyles AND GREW UP IN A MEDIEVAL international filled with INTRIGUE, TREACHERY AND VENGEANCE . AFTER YEARS OF clash HE turned the main robust FEUDAL WARLORD IN NORMANDY AND won THE FRIENDSHIP OF HIS maximum RIVAL, HAROLD, THE SAXON EARL, until eventually the ultimate war of words at the box close to HASTINGS GAVE HIM THE CROWN . this is often 1066, THE LEGEND OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR.
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For a while Deira was ruled by members of the Bernician ruling house, first by Oswiu's son Alhfrith, and, after he fell out with his father, by his half-brother Ecgfrith, Queen Eanflced's son. 76 When Ecgfrith succeeded Oswiu as king of Bernicia in 670, Deira passed to his younger brother lElfwine, who was killed at the battle ofthe Trent in 679; thereafter Deira was ruled directly from Bernicia. 77 It was at this time also that the northern frontiers of Northumbria reached their greatest limits.
22 Since it was Wulfhere who drove the West Saxons out of the old Gewissan lands in the upper Thames valley, the H wicce may originally have been dependents not ofthe Mercians but of the West Saxons. 23 Bede's interest in Penda stems from the latter's lifelong struggle with the Northuinbrian kings; he participated in Cadwallon of Gwynedd's victory over Edwin at Hatfield Chase in 633, and himself killed Edwin's eventual successor Oswald at Maserfeld in 642. 24 Edwin and Oswald came from different kindreds, Edwin from the ruling house of Deira, Oswald from that of Bernicia.
5o In the north and west, there seems to have been a resurgence of tribal kingships. Some appear in the work of Gild as, who addresses by name five ofthe more important kings of his own day: Constantine ofDumnonia (the Cornish peninsula, including Devon); Aurelius Caninus; Vortipor 'tyrant of the Demetae', also named on a memorial stone; Cuneglasus, usually located in North Wales; and the 'dragon of the island', Maglocunus (Maelgwyn) of Gwynedd. It is clear that some, if not all, were well-established by the middle of the sixth century, for Vortipor (Gwrtheryr ofDyfed) is presented both as an old man and as the 'bad son of a good king'.
1066 The Conquest by Peter Fieldman